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Top 5 Ancient Ruins 

Ancient civilisations have created some incredibly impressive structures considering how basic their tools and technologies were. Nowadays it is possible to visit and explore many of these ancient ruins all around the world and experience the remains of grand settlements or monuments from hundreds or even thousands of years ago.

Machu Picchu, Peru

Machu Picchu is an Incan settlement in Peru, established around 1450. The site includes temples, agricultural areas and urban domestic areas; it is the most famous example of an Incan settlement. The ruin site is accessible by guided tour and is now a popular attraction with tourists. Machu Picchu is surrounded by peaks of the Andes as well as rich forest and tumbling low-lying clouds; it really is a picture perfect setting.  
Flickr | ckmckPetra, Jordan

Petra is a historic city in the south of Jordan; the ruins are famous as they are carved out of the surrounding red rock faces, giving them a unique appearance. The exact date of Petra’s construction is not known, but the site began to be a thriving city around 100 BC. The ancient city of the Nabataean empire can now be visited as a tourist attraction, many visit Petra during the day, but it is also possible to explore this amazing location by night. During night tours of Petra, visitors can observed the stone-cut buildings lit by hundreds of candles, creating an almost otherworldly atmosphere.
Flcikr | Or HiltchTikal, Guatemala

Tikal is an ancient Mayan settlement, situated in the middle of the Guatemalan rainforest. It is thought that this site was home to around 120,000 people at its peak and includes a huge temple that is almost 70m tall. With the site being in the middle of the forest, early visitors may be lucky enough to catch a glimpse of the local wildlife, such as spider monkeys and exotic birds, such as parrots and toucans. In order to access this site, most visiting tourists will stay in the nearby town of Flores and take the bus to the ruins.
Flickr | Cal KothradeAngkor Wat, Cambodia

Angkor Wat is a series of temples in Cambodia, just 3.4 miles from the city of Siem Reap. The construction of these impressive and ornate temples began in the beginning of the 12th century, by the end of the 12th century the site had become an area of worship for Buddhism. These ruins have become a recognised symbol of Cambodia and even appear on the national flag of the country. The temples now draw in large numbers of tourists; this is partly down to the incredible decorative details that adorn the walls of the buildings. Many of the walls are covered in reliefs depicting battle scenes, and other religious themes.
Flickr | hunkichunkiRoman Forum, Italy

The Roman Forum was once the hub of ancient Rome; it was the site of elections, trials, markets and speeches. The ancient site includes ruins of temples, courtrooms as well as ceremonial structures, such as archways. Eventually during the middle ages, the forum fell into a state of ruin, its buildings were partially dismantled and their stone was used to build other structures. It wasn’t until the 18th century that the site was rediscovered and the remaining ruins were restored. Exploring these ruins is one of the best ways to experience the day to day life of ancient Rome.
Flickr | Ade RussellSo why not take in some history and culture on your travels and explore some of these stunning ancient ruins that give you a unique insight into civilisations of the past.

By Gabrielle Brooks - Online Journalism Intern

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